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What are the various types of research?

1. Pure research
a. Also called as the fundamental or the theoretical research.
b. Is basic and original.
c. Can lead to the discovery of a new theory.
d. Can result in the development or refinement of a theory that already exists.
e. Helps in getting knowledge without thinking formally of implementing it in practice based on the honesty, love and integrity of the researcher for discovering the truth.

2. Applied research
a. Based on the concept of the pure research.
b. Is problem oriented.
c. Helps in finding results or solutions for real life problems.
d. Provides evidence of usefulness to society.
e. Helps in testing empirical content of a theory.
f. Utilizes and helps in developing the techniques that can be used for basic research.
g. Helps in testing the validity of a theory but under some conditions.
h. Provides data that can lead to the acceleration of the process of generalization.

3. Exploratory research
a. Involves exploring a general aspect.
b. Includes studying of a problem, about which nothing or a very little is known.
c. Follows a very formal approach of research.
d. Helps in exploring new ideas.
e. Helps in gathering information to study a specific problem very minutely.
f. Helps in knowing the feasibility in attempting a study.

4. Descriptive research
a. Simplest form of research.
b. More specific in nature and working than exploratory research.
c. It involves a mutual effort.
d. Helps in identifying various features of a problem.
e. Restricted to the problems that are describable and not arguable and the problems in which valid standards can be developed for standards.
f. Existing theories can be easily put under test by empirical observations.
g. Underlines factors that may lead to experimental research.
h. It consumes a lot of time.
i. It is not directed by hypothesis.

5. Diagnostic study
a. Quite similar to the descriptive research.
b. Identifies the causes of the problems and then solutions for these problems.
c. Related to causal relations.
d. It is directed by hypothesis.
e. Can be done only where knowledge is advanced.

6. Evaluation study
a. Form of applied research.
b. Studies the development project.
c. Gives access to social or economical programmes.
d. Studies the quality and also the quantity of an activity.

7. Action research
a. Type of evaluation study.
b. Is a concurrent evaluation study.

What is Research? Write a note about Features, Characteristics and Limitations of research

Meaning and Definition of Research
Research in simplified terms means searching for the facts searching for the replies to the various queries and also for the solutions to the various problems. Research is an inquiry or an investigation with a specific purpose to fulfill, it helps in clearing the various doubtful concepts and tries to solve or explain the various unexplained procedures or phenomenons.

According to the encyclopedia of social science, research can be explained as ‘the manipulation of generalizing to extend, connect or verify knowledge.’

The features that a good research procedure must possess are –
1. Should be systematic in nature.
2. Should be logical.
3. Should be empirical and replicable in nature.
4. Should be according to plans.
5. Should be according to the rules and the assumptions should not be based on the false bases or judgments.
6. Should be relevant to what is required.
7. Procedure should be reproducible in nature.
8. Controlled movement of the research procedure.

Qualities of a good researcher can be summarized as –
1. Method of approach – The researcher should adopt correct procedure for identifying a problem and then for working on it, to find a solution for that problem.

2. Knowledge – The researcher should be well aware and should have complete knowledge and information of the field of investigation so that he can go in for correct planning and then implementation of the correct and effective methods for selection of the problem and then for solving it.

3. Qualification – The researcher should have a good back ground of study, which will enable the researcher to have a better knowledge and understanding of the subject.

4. Attitude – The researcher must have a vision of his own, an aim with some objectives to achieve something.

5. Should have an open thinking.

6. Should be stable, having consistent thinking.

7. Should be honest, sincere, brave and ambitious.

Characteristics of research –
1. Research is based on the scientific method.
2. Helps in answering various pertinent questions.
3. It is an organized, planned and patient investigation or a critical enquiry.
4. It has logical roots, helping to establish facts or principles.

Limitations of research –
1. Problems of collection of data and conceptualization may occur.
2. Repetition problems.
3. Outdated and insufficient information system may cause problems.
4. Sometimes lack of resources becomes an obstacle.
5. Nonavailability of trained researchers.
6. Absence of code of conduct.

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