The Principles on which the organizing depends
1. Division of the labor –
a. In an organization, any target can not be achieved by a single person, many people are involved in this process, standing responsible for performing the different duties assigned to them.
b. Hence it can be said that the division of the labor is a necessity for the better and efficient functioning of an organization.
c. Division of the labor acts as the first principle in the process of the organizing.
d. Helps in making the group function more practical in the nature.
2. Principle of the work specialization –
a. By adhering to this principle, the work that is being entrusted being a part of the total work becomes a specialized function.
e. The organization designing gets divided in to a number of the specializations and if the men continue to perform these activities on a daily basis, the result obtained is that they become specialist in their own work field.
b. In such a case, the skills of that person increases in that particular specialization but the general sense of the other work reduces as the time passes on.
c. As a result of these factors only, the concept of the job rotation is very much important.
3. Principle of the Departmentation –
a. In order to carry on with the work process in a very easy manner, the different activities that are related to each other are put under the different groups and these are referred to as the departments.
b. The departmentation can be defined as the clubbing of the very closely inter linked functions which are labeled as the separate departments.
c. All the organizations are divided in to the various departments and this division is generally based on the size and the nature of the business.
d. The principle of the departmentation follows a hierarchical style.
e. The hierarchy usually consists of the following –
I. Strategic business unit
V. Sub sections
4. Principle of the authority levels –
a. For doing any type of the business, the organization gets the authority from the society.
b. This authority is literally distributed throughout the organization.
c. Authority refers to the decision making implanting authority with the help of the actions involving the direction and the utilization of the organization resources.
5. Principle of the span of the management –
a. The number of the men working under the manager directly controls the effective span of any manager in order to manage the people.
6. Scalar principle of the management –
a. Explains the dependence of an organization, both vertically and horizontally, on the optimum point of the efficiency and the effectiveness in the performance.
b. More the steps of the levels of the authority, more the organization becomes vertical in the nature.
c. The scalar principle of the management accepts the inevitability of the scale of the organization to carry on with the communication.
7. Principle of the unity of the purpose –
a. The whole organization should move towards the single purpose.
b. The actions that are carried on in unison are more effective in the nature.
c. The unity of the purpose should build the much needed unity between the members.
d. The unity of the purpose should have the ability to convert the unity in to a force in the mission.
e. But must remain flexible in the nature and the working as this will help in adapting to the various external as well as the internal conditions.
8. The principle of the navigation –
a. It is not necessary that everything goes according to the plan i.e. an organization may not always be able to find a straight and a clear way, so it is very important that it possesses the ability to change a temporary direction in order to navigate around the various difficulties and then also remain on the directional course that it had planned.
b. The visionary skills can be steered out of the rough weather with the help of the Principle of the unity of the purpose.
9. Principle of the authority and the responsibility delegation –
a. According to the Principle of the authority and the responsibility delegation, the authority and the responsibility should always go together.
b. The responsibility cannot be given without the passing of the required authority.
c. According to the Principle of the authority and the responsibility delegation, the authority and the responsibility are concurrent in the nature.
d. When someone delegates the authority, it also gives a coextensive responsibility to the person involved as they cannot go without each other.
e. The authority helps a lot in taking the decisions along with the relative actions.
f. With the help of the authority, the organization resources can be used especially for these purposes.
g. When the responsibility that comes along with the authority is not accepted, then it goes back to the person by whom the authority has been given.
h. The organizational authority is not having the ability to carry on with the work in a void.
i. When the people do not take the authority and the responsibility for running an organization, then it has to be liquidated.
j. When the delegated authority is accepted by the person to whom it is delegated, the responsibility is said to be assumed by such a person.
10. Principle of the unity of the command –
a. It is very necessary that the person must be under the command of another person.
b. As by this, he will not get any type of the contradictory orders.
c. It is very important to maintain the unity of the command within the organization and for this; the organization is designed in a particular manner.
d. An individual cannot be assigned control of more than one person.
11. Principle of the synergy –
a. The united strength of the organization must increase with the coming together of the people.
b. If in any type of the case, where this is not taking place, it means that the energy is being dissipated by the structure of the organization.
c. The combined strength of the persons is more than its mere sum total.
d. This extra energy that is present is generally referred to as the synergy energy.
e. One important point that must be known at this point of time is that this synergy energy is produced when the people come together.
12. Principle of the team spirit –
a. There was a time, when this concept did not get the proper regard that it deserved. But now the basic understanding has changed among the people and now the management does not purely work on the rationality.
b. According to this principle, the building of an organization is just a mechanical process that is done from the point of view of the ease of the management.
c. The principle of the team spirit states that there is surely something which is emotional for the people who work in the organization.
d. They possess the motivation, the pride, the sense of belonging, the stability, the growth etc. in the personal life.
e. The team spirit refers to the sacrifices done for the team results by the various members of the team.
f. The organizations must work as teams as by this, great effectiveness and the efficiency can be brought in an organization.