Explain the types of Survey’s?

Posted in Research Methodology | Email This Post Email This Post

1. Factual Survey –
Needs factual information.

2. Opinion Survey –
Opinion of the person interrogated is used to make an evaluation on a certain method.

3. Interpretive Survey –
• The person interviewed has to do more than just reporting a fact.
• Acts as an interpreter.

4. General Survey –
• Conducted to collect the general information.
• Involves no particular hypothesis.
• E.g. census of population.

5. Specific Survey –
• Conducted mainly to study some specific problems.
• Helps in testing of the certain theories or hypotheses.
• Are very much to the point.
• Only information directly related to the particular purpose is collected.


6. Regular Survey –
• Repeated after regular time intervals.
• Economic surveys are type of regular surveys.
• Are carried on by permanent machinery created for collecting the information.

7. Ad – hoc Survey –
• Are under taken once for all.
• May be sometimes conducted in phases if the area of the investigation is very large.
• Help in testing a hypothesis.
• Helps in supplementing the missing information relating to any research problem.

8. Preliminary Survey –
• Also called as the pilot study.
• Occupies the place of fore running of the final survey.
• Helps in getting the first hand knowledge of the universe to be surveyed.
• Helps in preparing the schedule or the questionnaire.
• Helps in the organization of the survey on the proper lines.

9. Census Survey –
• Every single unit in the universe is contacted to collect the information.
• Is a very time consuming process.

10. Sample Survey –
• Very convenient and time saving in nature.
• Small part of the universe is taken as the representative of the whole.
• Results obtained from this small part are applied to the whole universe.

11. Official Survey –
Conducted by the government through its departments.

12. Semi Official Survey –
Conducted by the quasi government bodies like the universities, corporations etc.


13. Private Survey –
Conducted by the individuals, associations, and the institutions etc., which are non government agencies.

14. Confidential Survey –
Results and the data collected are kept secret.

15. Public Survey –
Results and data collected are shared with people i.e. are available for public.

This article has been written by KJ Singh a MBA Graduate from a prestigious Business School In India
Article Published:August 19, 2010
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  • makhari thilivhali emily September 3, 2013 at 8:17 am

    Send a note on reseach methond

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